- concerned with long-term culture change and with the similar patterns of development that may be seen in unrelated, widely separated cultures
- most neoevolutionists are interested in the environmental and technological adjustments of the groups they study
- Leslie A. White and Julian H. Steward and others.
- Steward, inspired by classifying the native cultures of North and South America, focused on the parallel developments of unrelated groups in similar environments; he discussed evolutionary change in terms of what he called “levels of sociocultural integration” and “multilinear evolution,” terms he used to distinguish neoevolution from earlier, unilineal theories of cultural evolution